News

NRC Seeks Public Comment on Proposed Revisions to Its Waste Confidence Decision

October 10, 2008

The Associated Press
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission is seeking public comment on
proposed revisions to its waste confidence findings, in particular whether
the findings should continue to include a timeframe for the availability of
a repository for high-level nuclear waste disposal.

The proposed revisions, to be published and discussed in two separate
notices tomorrow (Oct. 9) in the Federal Register, are intended to support
the agency's reviews of license applications for new commercial power
reactors by resolving appropriate issues generically in rulemaking.

The waste confidence findings were first issued in 1984, subsequently
revised in 1990, and reaffirmed in 1999. They state the Commission's
confidence that a geologic repository would be available sometime in the
first quarter of the 21st century and that spent nuclear fuel can be safely
stored without significant environmental impacts for at least 30 years
beyond the licensed operation of a reactor, including the term of a renewed
license. These findings are codified in NRC regulations at 10 CFR 51.23(a).

The proposed revisions would predict that repository capacity will be
available within 50 to 60 years beyond the licensed operation of all
reactors, and that spent fuel generated in any reactor can be safely stored
without significant environmental impact for at least 60 years beyond the
licensed operation of the reactor.

The agency is also seeking public comment on whether a timeframe for
the availability of a repository should be included at all.

Eliminating the 2025 timeframe is not intended to signal a lack of
confidence that a repository will be available by that date. However, the
NRC recognizes that a repository can only be available by that date if the
agency ultimately approves the Department of Energy's application to
construct a repository at Yucca Mountain, Nev. That decision must await the
results of the staff's technical review and the outcome of an NRC licensing
proceeding on the application. The application was submitted June 3 and
formally docketed on Sept. 8.

The Commission does not believe the existence of the 2025 date
undermines its oft-stated commitment to be an impartial adjudicator of the
Yucca Mountain application. However, the agency believes that deleting this
date will remove even an appearance of prejudgment in a licensing proceeding
for Yucca Mountain.

Revising its findings on the period for safe storage of spent fuel
reflects the NRC's confidence in the safety and security of spent fuel
storage in pools and dry casks. This confidence is bolstered by operational
experience over the past two decades, as well as extensive security
assessments performed by the NRC and security enhancements ordered by the
agency in the aftermath of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. Public
comments on the proposed revisions will be accepted through Dec. 8, or 60
days following publication. They may be submitted over the Federal e-
Rulemaking Portal at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for Docket ID
NRC-2008-0404; by e-mail to Rulemaking.Comments@nrc.gov; by mail to
Secretary, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, D.C. 20555-0001,
ATTN: Rulemakings and Adjudications Staff; or by fax to 301-415-1101.